喬治亞

喬治亞(Georgia)

美國東部一州。為前英國十三塊殖民地中最晚建立者,面積152,577平方公里,是密西西比河以東面積最大的州。16世紀西班牙傳教團抵此時,此區由克里克人和切羅基人等印第安人居住。1733年英國人開始定居塞芬拿,當時是由歐格紹普建立為一個債務人的避難所。在美國革命後,歐洲人的住區加速發展,1830年代最後一批印第安人被迫遷離此地。1861年喬治亞脫離聯邦,南北戰爭時,這裡的戰況最是激烈。1870年才獲准再加入聯邦,是最後一個加入的前美利堅邦聯州。其地形北起藍嶺,向南綿延至與佛羅里達州共有的奧克弗諾基沼澤。在19世紀大部分時期是南方棉花帝國的中心,20世紀轉以工業為主。州的人口在20世紀有所成長,尤其是首府亞特蘭大特別吸引了國家企業進駐。人口約8,186,453(2000)。

English version:

Georgia

State (pop.,1997 est.: 7,486,000),southeastern U.S. One of the original,and the last,of the 13 English colonies,it covers 58,910 sq mi (152,577 sq km) and is the largest state east of the Mississippi River; its capital is Atlanta. The area was inhabited by the Creek and Cherokee Indians when Spanish missions arrived in the 16th century. English settlement began in 1733 at Savannah when James Oglethorpe established a refuge for debtors. European settlement accelerated after the American Revolution,and the last of the Indians were forcibly removed in the 1830s. Georgia seceded from the Union in 1861,and the American Civil War was particularly hard on the state. It was the last former Confederate state to be readmitted to the Union in 1870. Its landscape sweeps from the Blue Ridge Mountains in the north to the Okefenokee Swamp (which it shares with Florida) on the south. For most of the 19th century it was the capital of the cotton empire of the South; in the 20th century industry predominated. The state's population has grown throughout the 20th century,with Atlanta especially attracting national corporations.

參考文章

南喬治亞鸕鶿的名稱類別、外形特徵、地理分佈、生活習性、生長繁殖鳥類南喬治亞鵜燕的地理分佈、鸌科|鸌亞科鳥類

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