福特

福特(1913年~)

Ford,Gerald R.

全名為Gerald Rudolph Ford,Jr.,原名Leslie Lynch King,Jr.。

美國第三十八任總統(1974~1977)。幼年時父母離婚,母親再嫁老福特(Gerald R. Ford,Sr.),改用今名。曾在密西根大學求學,1941年在耶魯大學獲法學士學位,第二次世界大戰後在密西根州開業當律師。1948年選入美國眾議院,1965年成為少數黨領袖。1973年安格紐(S. T. Agnew)辭職後,尼克森提名他為副總統;1974年尼克森因水門事件被迫辭職,由他繼任總統,成為美國曆史上第一位未經選舉而擔任副總統、總統的人。一個月後他完全赦免尼克森在職時可能「對合眾國犯下的一切罪行」;為了安撫越來越擴大的憤怒情緒,他主動向國會小組委員會說明理由。他的政府成功的逐步處理了前尼克森政府留下來的高通貨膨脹問題。福特在任內共行使了五十多次否決權,其中有四十多次成立,由此可以看出他與民主黨主控的國會之間的關係。1975年在越戰最後幾天,他下令空運難民,總數達237,000人,大部運至美國。由於對水門事件的處理失當,導致他在1976年競選連任時敗給了卡特。

English version:

1913年~

Ford,Gerald R.

38th president of the U.S. (1974-77). Born in Omaha,Neb.,he was an infant when his parents divorced,and his mother later married Gerald R. Ford. He attended the University of Michigan and Yale law school,and practiced law in Michigan after World War II. He served in the U.S. House of Representative 1948-73,becoming minority leader in 1965. After Spiro Agnew resigned as vice president in 1973,Richard Nixon nominated Ford to fill the vacant post. When the Watergate scandal forced Nixon's departure,Ford became the first president who had not been elected to either the vice presidency or the presidency. A month later he pardoned Nixon; to counter widespread outrage,he voluntarily appeared before a House subcommittee to explain his action. His administration gradually lowered the high inflation rate it inherited. Ford's relations with the Democratic-controlled Congress were typified by his more than 50 vetoes,of which more than 40 were sustained. In the final days of the Vietnam War in 1975,he ordered an airlift of 237,000 anti-Communist Vietnamese refugees,most of whom came to the U.S. Reaction against Watergate contributed to his defeat by Jimmy Carter in 1976.

參考文章

海福特牛的簡單介紹牛海福特牛牛我買了一輛福特原裝進口車應如何繳納車輛購置稅?財務稅務我國引入的主要肉牛品種――海福特牛牛

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