蒙德里安

蒙德里安(1872~1944年)

Mondrian,Piet,原名Pieter Cornelis Mondriaan。

荷蘭畫家。其父為一所喀爾文教會小學的校長。在父親的堅持下,他拿了一個學位,但其後立即開始學習繪畫課程。1893年首批作品展出,這些作品承襲了荷蘭風景畫和靜物畫的主流趨勢。後來他與傳統決裂,成為風格派的代表人物。1920年左右發表的《論新造型主義》表達了他的成熟風格,即基於直線、直角、三原色和白、灰、黑之間最簡單的協調組合(如《黃色和藍色的構圖》,1929),以純粹客觀的眼光來看待現實。此後的二十年裡他的繪畫一直有新造型主義的風格,直到他逃離戰亂的巴黎,先去了倫敦,1940年來到紐約。城市生活脈動和美國音樂的新節奏激發了他的靈感,他放棄了簡樸冷峻的構圖風格,代之以一系列小方塊和矩形,聯結成了斑斕的垂直和水平直線的有節奏的流動。他後期的傑作(如《百老匯布吉-伍吉》,1942~1943)就表達了這一活潑的新風格。他的成就對20世紀的藝術、建築和圖形設計產生了深遠的影響。

English version:

1872~1944年

Mondrian,Piet

Dutch painter. At the insistence of his father,headmaster of a Calvinist school,he obtained an education degree,but then immediately began taking painting lessons. His first paintings,which followed the prevailing trend of Dutch landscape and still-life painting,were exhibited in 1893. Later he broke away from tradition and became a leading figure in De Stijl. His mature style emerged around 1920 in “Neoplasticism,” intended as a purely objective vision of reality,based on the simplest harmonies of straight line,right angle,and the primary colors plus black,white,and gray (e.g.,Composition in Yellow and Blue,1929). He painted in the Neoplastic style for the next 20 years,until he fled war-torn Paris for London and then New York in 1940. Inspired by the city's pulsating life and the new rhythms of U.S. music,he replaced his austere patterns with a series of small squares and rectangles that coalesced into a flow of colorful vertical and horizontal lines. His late masterpieces (e.g.,Broadway Boogie-Woogie,1942-43) express this new vivacity. His work exerted a profound influence on 20th-century art,architecture,and graphic design.

上一篇: 安地斯山脈

下一篇:南猿屬