伯林

伯林(1888~1989年)

Berlin,Irving,原名Israel Baline。

美國歌曲作家。出身俄羅斯猶太人唱詩班領唱人家庭,1893年全家移居紐約。伯林只受過兩年正規教育,童年時是個街頭賣唱和歌唱侍者。1907年發表第一首歌〈來自陽光義大利的瑪麗〉;出版人員誤把他的名字寫為Irving Berlin。他不會讀譜或寫譜,全憑耳朵來學習和演唱。1911年寫了〈亞歷山大繁拍樂隊〉一曲,立即在錫盤巷流行的繁拍風造成轟動。1919年建立伯林音樂出版社。一生約寫了一千五百多首歌曲,包括〈噢,我多恨在早晨起床〉、〈總是〉、〈貼面而舞〉、〈正在麗池上演〉以及〈天佑美國〉。他還為《假日飯店》(1942)寫了一首〈銀色耶誕〉,這是有史以來最暢銷的歌曲之一。伯林一共為十九部百老匯歌舞劇(包括《飛燕金槍》〔1946〕、《風流貴婦》〔1950〕)和十八部電影配過樂。享年一百零一歲。

English version:

1888~1989年

Berlin,Irving

U.S. songwriter. He was born to the family of a Russian Jewish cantor that emigrated to New York in 1893. With only two years of formal education,he worked as a street singer and singing waiter. His first published song,“Marie from Sunny Italy,” appeared in 1907; a printer's error named him Irving Berlin. Unable to read or write music,he learned and played by ear. In 1911 he wrote the great hit of Tin Pan Alley's ragtime vogue,“Alexander's Ragtime Band.” In 1919 he founded the publishing house Irving Berlin Music Corp. He may have written more than 1,500 songs,including “Oh,How I Hate to Get Up in the Morning,” “Always,” “Cheek to Cheek,” “Puttin' on the Ritz,” and “God Bless America.” His film scores include Top Hat (1935),Easter Parade (1948),and White Christmas (1954); his score for Holiday Inn (1942) introduced “White Christmas,” one of the best-selling songs of all time. Altogether Berlin wrote the scores for 19 Broadway shows (including Annie Get Your Gun,1946,and Call Me Madam,1950) and 18 films. He died at 101.

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