正式名稱麻薩諸塞州（Commonwealth of Massachusetts）
State (pop.,1997 est.: 6,000),northeastern U.S. One of the New England states,it covers 8,284 sq mi (21,456 sq km); its capital is Boston. Bounded on the east by the Atlantic Ocean,the state's soils are poor and rocky,and agriculture plays a limited role in the economy,although cranberry farming is important. The region was inhabited by Algonquian Indian tribes when the first English settler,Bartholomew Gosnold,arrived in 1602. Plymouth was settled by the Pilgrims,who came on the Mayflower in 1620. The Massachusetts Bay Colony was founded and governed by the Massachusetts Bay Co. spurring Puritan settlement. It joined the New England Confederation in 1643 and acquired Maine in 1652. The southeastern and central state's settlements experienced King Philip's War in 1675. After losing its first charter in 1684,it became part of the Dominion of New England in 1686. Its second charter in 1691 granted the colony jurisdiction over Maine and Plymouth. In the 18th century Massachusetts became a center of resistance to British colonial policy; it was the scene of the Boston Tea Party,and of uprisings at the Battles of Lexington and Concord that marked the beginning of the American Revolution. In 1788,it became the sixth state to ratify the U.S. Constitution. It was in the forefront of the 19th century Industrial Revolution and was known for its textile mills. Today its major industries are electronics,high technology,and communications. It is well-known as the location of many institutions of higher learning. Tourism is important especially in the Cape Cod region and the Berkshires.