勞斯-萊斯公司

勞斯-萊斯公司(Rolls-Royce PLC)

英國飛機引擎及其它動力技術產品製造商。在20世紀很長一段時間內,該公司都進行豪華汽車生產。汽車和飛機駕駛的先驅查理.斯圖爾特.勞斯和工程師兼起重機制造商亨利.萊斯於1906年成立了勞斯-萊斯公司。該公司製造的外型美觀,設計完美的轎車包括銀色幽靈(1906年推出的「40/50馬力」型)、幻影系列(1925)、銀色黎明(1949)、銀雲(1955)、銀影(1965)和銀色天使(1998)等車型。1931年勞斯-萊斯公司購得一家上等汽車製造公司,班特利汽車公司。以1914年鷹式引擎的生產為開端,該公司也生產了一系列螺旋槳飛機和噴射飛機所使用的引擎。它的渦輪式引擎最終成為其銷售額的主要部分。由於與洛克希德飛機公司(參閱Lockheed Martin Corporation)簽訂了一分固定價格的合約,生產裝置在L-1011客機上的引擎,迫使勞斯-萊斯公司在1971年宣告破產。之後,公司被拆為兩部分:生產飛機引擎的一部分由英國政府接管,後被私營化,成為勞斯-萊斯上市公司,生產汽車發動機的一部分被重組為勞斯-萊斯發動機股份公司,後也被私有化。後者於1980年被Vicers公司購得,它將勞斯-萊斯發動機股份公司於1998年轉賣給福斯汽車公司,合約中規定寶馬汽車廠將於2003年起,用勞斯-萊斯之名生產轎車,而福斯汽車公司則獲得班特利公司的生產線。

English version:

Rolls-Royce PLC

British manufacturer of aircraft engines and propulsion and power systems and,for much of the 20th century,a maker of luxury automobiles. Charles S. Rolls,a pioneer motorist and aviator,and Henry Royce,an engineer and carmaker,incorporated Rolls-Royce Ltd. in 1906. The firm's handsome,immaculately engineered cars included the Silver Ghost (introduced 1906 as “40/50 hp” model),a series of Phantoms (1925),the Silver Dawn (1949),Silver Cloud (1955),Silver Shadow (1965),and Silver Seraph (1998). In 1931 Rolls-Royce acquired Bentley Motors Ltd.,another maker of fine cars. Rolls-Royce also developed a series of notable piston and jet aircraft engines,beginning with the Eagle (1914); eventually its turbine-engine operations accounted for the largest part of its sales. A fixed-price contract with Lockheed Aircraft (see Lockheed Martin Corp.) to produce an engine for its L-1011 TriStar jetliner drove Rolls-Royce into bankruptcy in 1971. It was split into two companies: its jet-engine division was taken over by the British government and later privatized as Rolls-Royce PLC,while its automobile operations were restructured into Rolls-Royce Motor Holdings Ltd. and privatized. The latter was acquired in 1980 by Vickers Ltd.,which sold it to Volkswagen AG in 1998 as part of a novel agreement in which BMW AG would take over the manufacture of cars with the Rolls-Royce name in 2003,while Volkswagen retained the Bentley line.

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