耶和華見證人

耶和華見證人(Jehovah's Witness)

1872年由羅素在賓夕法尼亞州匹茲堡創立的國際性宗教運動的成員。這種運動原本名為萬國讀經會,後來由羅素的後繼人拉塞福(1869~1942)改為現稱。見證人會是千禧年主義教派,這種信仰主要根據《聖經》中的啟示部分,特別是〈但以理書〉和〈啟示錄〉。他們不服兵役或向國旗敬禮,這種行徑使他們與全世界的政府直接發生衝突。他們還以挨門傳道和反對輸血聞名;他們相信可根據聖經為他們所有的行為和信仰作辯解。其目標是在地球上建立上帝之國,主張耶穌(為上帝第一個創造出來的,而不是三位一體中的其中一位)是這個計畫的上帝代理人。總部設在紐約的布魯克林,主要刊物是《守望塔》和《覺醒!》,用八十幾種語言發行。亦請參閱millennium。

English version:

Jehovah's Witness

Member of an international religious movement founded in Pittsburgh,Pa.,by Charles T. Russell in 1872. The movement was originally known as the International Bible Students Association,but its name was changed by Russell's successor,Joseph Franklin Rutherford (1869-1942). The Witnesses are a millennialist group whose beliefs are based primarily on the apocalyptic sections of the Bible,notably Daniel and the Book of Revelation. They refuse to perform military service or salute the flag,actions which have brought them into direct conflict with governments around the world. They are famous for their door-to-door evangelizing and for refusing blood transfusions; they believe there is scriptural justification for all their actions and beliefs. Their goal is the establishment of God's kingdom on earth,and they hold that Jesus—who is believed to be God's first creation rather than one person in a trinity—is God's agent in this plan. Their national headquarters is in Brooklyn,N.Y.; their major publications,the Watchtower and Awake!,are published in about 80 languages. See also millennialism.

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